Every day, we expose ourselves to natural and technological risks. Because it is better to be safe than sorry, we are careful. Are the precautions that we take appropriate?
In Trop Soigner rend malade, Claude Rambaud and Jean Pierre Thierry, lawyer and doctor respectively, explain that the number of cases of various diseases is stagnating. Here is their explanation: "Nowadays, any risk factor is treated as a disease". They also take an interest in cholesterol. Statin drugs are effective for reducing the risk of heart disease but they have many negative health effects. They are often taken by high cholesterol patients. However, in 2005, Japanese scientists found that "high total cholesterol is not positively associated with coronary heart disease mortality rates". High cholesterol individuals should not use statins – in their best interests.
Regarding antibiotics, quantity also does not mean quality. Antibiotics are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infection. Their consumption has exploded during the last thirty years. Overconsumption of antibiotics can lead to bacterial resistance. WHO is therefore encouraging all Member States and health partners to help raise awareness of this issue.
In the current context of increasing air pollution, it is important to be careful. In 2012, WHO estimates that pollution was responsible for at least 7 million premature deaths. For Dr. Maria Neira, Director of WHO Department of Public Health, "We have a public health emergency in many countries from pollution. It's dramatic, one of the biggest problems we are facing globally, with horrible future costs to society". Four air pollutants are measured with great precision to their danger to health: fine particles (PM10 and PM2.5), nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and ozone (O3).
The fine particles in the air are mainly emitted by road traffic and industrial activity. According to their size, they penetrate more or less deeply into the respiratory system. Between 2004 and 2006, experts from the Institut de Veille Sanitaire (InVS) estimated the impact of fine particles on health in nine French cities (Bordeaux, Le Havre, Lyon, Marseille, Strasbourg and Toulouse). They counted almost 1,000 cardiac and respiratory hospitalizations per year and noted a decrease in life expectancy to 30 years from 3.6 to 7.5 months. They also found that some of these particles have mutagenic and carcinogenic properties.
Nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2) are essentially generated by vehicles registered before 1997 and diesel vehicles. They can cause breathing problems, lung infections, and asthma attacks.
Carbon monoxide (CO) has two major sources: road traffic and the malfunctioning of domestic heating technology. This toxic gas causes nausea and headaches. High and prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide can cause death.
Ozone (O3) is formed by chemical reaction involving precursor pollutants. Asthmatics, children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to ozone. This can cause breathing disorders and it increases sensitivity to pollen.
Air pollution affects all of us all. It affects the at-risk people: the elderly, children and those with asthma, allergies or cardiopulmonary disease. It also extents to the urban population, as a result of their exposure to road traffic and industrial discharges. In the short run, during pollution peaks, InVS's research shows anincrease in the number of hospitalizations, especially for cardiovascular and respiratory issues. In the long run, between air pollution episodes, the same research agrees on the significant impact of pollution on mortality and hospitalizations. Because our body does not adapt to pollution, we need to be careful. The TEQOYA products protects us against fine particles and pollen. Moreover, they do not emit ozone. Let's take care of our health by choosing an air purifier TEQOYA.