On Friday 18 November in Marrakech, the negotiators from 196 countries put an end to COP22. The objective of the 22nd Climate Conference was twofold: to clarify the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and to place the international community face to face with its responsibilities. COP22 took place in a climate of uncertainty, created by the election of Donald Trump at the White House.
Controlling rising temperatures and reducing greenhouse gases
According to a UN report published on 3 November, "the world continues to move towards a rise in temperatures of 2.9°C to 3.4°C by the end of the century". COP21 had nevertheless set a course: to contain the rise in temperatures well below 2°C. The conference which opened on Monday 7 November for 15 days in Marrakech was aimed at clarifying the timetable for the implementation of the Paris agreement. The task is difficult since the Paris agreement, unlike Kyoto, is based on the voluntary commitment of the parties. Despite the election of the climate sceptic Donald Trump as President of the United States, the world's second largest emitter of greenhouse gases, countries have multiplied their declarations of support for the process. Xie Zhenhua, China's representative, reaffirmed China's desire to preserve the future of the planet. The European Union also promised to remain mobilized. At the end of COP22, representatives of the 196 member countries signed a text calling for "the highest political commitment to combat climate change, as a matter of urgent priority". "We continue to stay our course," said Salaheddine Mezouar, President of the conference.
Moving from words to deeds
"We the Developed Country Parties reaffirm our USD $100 billion mobilization goal" a year for developing countries by 2020," says the Marrakech Proclamation. This promise, already made in 2009 at the Copenhagen Conference, has still not been kept. "The Developed Country representatives have arrived empty-handed," regretted Armelle Le Comte of Oxfam. "For the time being, these funds represent only 20% of the $100 billion pledged each year." Another concern is the US $3 billion funding to the Green Climate Fund. So far only 500 million have been paid.